After talks lasted 14 hours, senior Indian and Chinese military commanders agreed to stop reinforcing troops along the disputed border area in Ladakh. However, the situation in the field is still developing complicatedly.
On September 23, AP quoted a statement from the Indian Ministry of Defense said that China and India agreed to increase communication to avoid misunderstandings and misjudges in the area along the True Control Road. However, the Indian Defense Ministry did not mention any breakthrough in military negotiations over the disbandment of the two-way forces in the disputed border area.
Tensions in the Ladakh region began in May and escalated in June with the bloodiest clash between Chinese and Indian soldiers in decades. Both sides suffered casualties. At least 20 Indian soldiers were killed and dozens more were injured. China also admitted to the casualties but has not released details.
The two most populous powers in the world have gathered tens of thousands of soldiers and weapons such as artillery, tanks, fighters in the disputed Ladakh area after the bloody clash in June.
Some time later, both India and China withdrew from the area in the Galwan Valley (Ladakh) and at least 2 other locations. However, the border crisis happened in at least three other areas, including Pangong Lake.
In recent weeks, two nuclear powers have accused each other of sending troops into the territory of the Pangong Lake area and firing warnings (the first in 45 years), raising the risk of a full-blown military conflict.
Despite rounds of negotiations by military, diplomatic and political officials, including meetings between foreign ministers and defense ministers in Moscow, Sino-Indian border tensions continued.
Senior military commanders on September 21 held talks for 14 hours, but no details of the results were immediately announced.
On the night of September 22, the Indian Defense Ministry said the two sides had a joint statement agreeing to stop sending more troops to the front line. China and India will hold the 7th military command negotiation round as soon as possible and together protect peace and stability in the border area.
The joint statement also stated that the military commanders agreed to seriously implement the agreements reached between the leaders of the two countries.
The military talks on September 21 took place less than two weeks after the foreign ministers of China and India met on September 10 in Moscow (Russia). The Foreign Ministers agreed that the armies of both sides should withdraw their troops to avoid fatal clashes at the border, maintain proper distance and reduce tension. However, the Foreign Ministers of the two countries did not set a timeline for the withdrawal. September 21 negotiation results did not mention this.
Military experts have repeatedly warned that any mistakes made by the parties could have serious consequences in the Ladakh region.
Both Indian and Chinese officials provide very little information about the border situation, but the two countries’ media has made headlines about the escalating tensions, which have significantly changed relations of l China – India.